Day: March 11, 2023

Prediction of prognosis in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia using CT score by emergency physicians: a single-center retrospective study by Yasufumi Oi

We aimed to develop a method to determine the CT score that can be easily obtained from CT images and examine its prognostic value for severe COVID pneumonia. Patients with COVID pneumonia who required ventilatory management by intubation were included. CT score was based on anatomical information in axial CT images and were divided into…

Read the full article

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Prognosis of Laryngeal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: A Case Report and a Literature Review by Irene Fatuzzo

Laryngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma (LACC) is a sporadic neoplasm, especially if supraglottic. The COVID-19 pandemic worsened the presenting stage of many cancers and impacted their prognosis negatively. Here, a case of a patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) with delayed diagnosis and a rapid deterioration with distant metastasis due to the COVID-19 pandemic is illustrated.…

Read the full article

High Plasma tPAPAI-1C Levels May Be Related to a Poor Prognosis in Patients with Severe or Critical COVID-19: A Single-Center Retrospective Study by Kunihiro Shirai

Severe novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients have a high incidence of thrombotic complications and mortality. The pathophysiology of coagulopathy involves fibrinolytic system impairment and vascular endothelial damage. This study examined coagulation and fibrinolytic markers as outcome predictors. In an observational study of 164 COVID-19 patients admitted to our emergency intensive care unit, hematological parameters…

Read the full article

Liver Injury Associated with COVID-19 Infection: Pathogenesis, Histopathology, Prognosis, and Treatment by Noha Mousaad Elemam

Liver injury occurs frequently as a consequence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Direct infection of the liver leads to hepatic impairment with elevated transaminases. In addition, severe COVID-19 is characterized by cytokine release syndrome, which may initiate or exacerbate liver injury. In patients with cirrhosis, SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with acute-on-chronic liver failure. The Middle East and…

Read the full article

Relationships between Obesity, Exercise Preferences, and Related Social Cognitive Theory Variables among Breast Cancer Survivors by Nashira I Brown

Breast cancer survivors with obesity have an increased risk of cancer recurrence, second malignancy, and comorbidities. Though physical activity (PA) interventions are needed, investigation of the relationships between obesity and factors influencing PA program aspects among cancer survivors remain understudied. Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional study examining associations amongst baseline body mass index (BMI), PA…

Read the full article

3D Ultrasound Reconstructions of the Carotid Artery and Thyroid Gland Using Artificial-Intelligence-Based Automatic Segmentation-Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of the Segmentation Results via Comparison with CT Angiography by Tudor Arsenescu

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a noninvasive and low-operator-dependent imaging method for carotid-artery-stenosis diagnosis. A previously developed prototype for 3D ultrasound scans based on a standard ultrasound machine and a pose reading sensor was used for this study. Working in a 3D space and processing data using automatic segmentation…

Read the full article

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease in a nationwide survey by Masashi Nakamura

CONCLUSION: The prevalence and incidence rates of MOGAD in Japan are similar to those in other countries. Notable characteristics such as the preferential occurrence of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in children exist; however, general characteristics including symptoms and treatment response are common irrespective of the onset age.

Changes in Tryptophan Metabolism on Serotonin and Kynurenine Pathways in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome by Cezary Chojnacki

(1) Background: L-tryptophan is a substrate for the synthesis of many biological compounds through the serotonin and kynurenine pathways. These compounds have a significant influence on gastrointestinal functions and mental processes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the urinary excretion of selected tryptophan metabolites in patients with constipation-predominant and diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome…

Read the full article