Day: March 10, 2023

Assessing the Implementation of an LGBTQ+ Mental Health Services Training Program to Determine Feasibility and Acceptability During the COVID-19 Pandemic by Jessica N Fish

Despite significant social and legal progress, LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and other sexual and gender minority) populations continue to experience higher rates of mental health and substance use disorders than their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. Effective LGBTQ+ affirmative mental health care is essential for addressing these disparities but is often limited and difficult to…

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Healthcare Service Use Patterns Among Patients with Acid Sphingomyelinase Deficiency Type B: A Retrospective US Claims Analysis by Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob

CONCLUSION: This retrospective analysis of medical claims data identified patients with ASMD type B who had characteristics typical of this condition. A machine-learning algorithm detected further cases with a high probability of having ASMD type B. High use of ASMD-related healthcare services and medications was observed in both cohorts.

Clinical Outcomes Associated With Pembrolizumab Monotherapy Among Adults With Diffuse Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma by Melina E Marmarelis

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The results of this retrospective dual-center cohort study of patients with DMPM suggest that pembrolizumab had clinical activity regardless of PD-L1 status or histology, although patients with nonepithelioid histology may have experienced additional clinical benefit. The partial response rate of 21.0% and median OS of 20.9 months in this cohort with 75.0%…

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Alleviation of cholestatic liver injury and intestinal permeability by lubiprostone treatment in bile duct ligated rats: role of intestinal FXR and tight junction proteins claudin-1, claudin-2, and occludin by Fereydoon Safari

Gut barrier disintegrity and endotoxin translocation to the liver and systemic circulation are serious clinical complications associated with the stoppage of intestinal bile flow. There is no precise pharmacological option to prevent increased intestinal permeability after bile duct ligation (BDL). Lubiprostone, a chloride channel-2 agonist, has been shown to accelerate restoration of epithelial barrier dysfunction…

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Update on Sitosterolemia and Atherosclerosis by Viviane Zorzanelli Rocha

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to summarize important and updated information on sitosterolemia. Sitosterolemia is an inherited lipid disorder consisting of high levels of plasma plant sterols. This sterol storage condition is caused by biallelic loss-of-function genetic variants in either ABCG5 or ABCG8, leading to increased intestinal absorption and decreased hepatic…

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Unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for familial platelet disorder/acute myeloid leukemia with germline RUNX1 mutations by Kazunori Toratani

Germline mutations in RUNX1 result in rare autosomal-dominant familial platelet disorder with predisposition to acute myeloid leukemia (FPD/AML). As genetic analysis is becoming increasingly prevalent, the diagnosis rate of FPD/AML is expected to increase. In this report, we present two pedigrees, one diagnosed molecularly and another highly suspected to be FPD/AML, whose members both received…

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