Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health service utilisation and household economy of pregnant and postpartum women: a cross-sectional study from rural Sri Lanka by Sajan Praveena Gunarathna

CONCLUSION: During the early stages of the pandemic, healthcare utilisation of pregnant women was minimally affected. Even before the country’s current economic crisis, the household economies of pregnant women in rural Sri Lanka were severely affected, pushing families into poverty due to the pandemic. The impact of COVID-19 and the aftermath on pregnant women will have many consequences if the policies and strategies are not revised to address this issue. Continue reading →

Changes in private health service utilisation and access to the Italian National Health Service between 2006 and 2019: a cross-sectional comparative study by Elisa Maietti

CONCLUSIONS: This comparative study, conducted the year before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighted an increase in the prevalence of Italian residents who have fully paid out of pocket for access to health services to overcome long waiting times. Our findings may indicate a reduced access and possible worsening of the equity of access to the public and universalistic Italian NHS between 2006 and 2019. Continue reading →

Benefits, challenges and sustainability of digital healthcare for NHS Wales: a qualitative study by Gemma Johns

CONCLUSIONS: NHS Wales has demonstrated that currently there are an equal measure of benefits and challenges to a national digital healthcare. However, with ongoing government and service support, improvement and evaluation, it has potential for a sustainable digital future, in which the benefits can outweigh the challenges. Continue reading →

Foot reflexology for caregivers in palliative care by Sandrine Braud

Foot reflexology is the use of massage and acupressure techniques on the feet, which represent each organ of the human body. The reflexologist knows precisely the anatomy of the body and the reflex points on the feet in order to relieve and treat the person’s problems. A team from the University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand shares a very positive experience, unfortunately interrupted by the Covid-19 health crisis. Continue reading →

Capture and neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus by algae-derived lectins with high-mannose and core fucose specificities by Tanuza Nazmul

We first investigated the interactions between several algae-derived lectins and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). We created lectin columns using high-mannose (HM)-type glycan-specific lectins OAA and KAA-1 or core fucose-specific lectin hypninA-2 and conducted binding experiments with SARS-CoV-2. The results showed that these lectins were capable of binding to the virus. Furthermore, when examining the neutralization ability of nine different lectins, it was found… Continue reading →

Mobile Health-Technology-Integrated Care for Atrial Fibrillation: A Win Ratio Analysis from the mAFA-II Randomized Clinical Trial by Giulio Francesco Romiti

CONCLUSIONS: In this posthoc WR analysis of the mAFA-II trial, a mHealth-technology-implemented integrated care approach was effective in reducing the risk of the primary composite outcome of all-cause death, ischemic stroke or thromboembolism, and rehospitalization, even when prioritizing fatal events. Continue reading →

Transforming dementia research into policy change: A case study of the multi-country STRiDE project by Wendy Weidner

STRiDE was an ambitious four-year project in seven countries aiming to build capacity around generating and using research to support the development of policies to improve quality of life of people with dementia and their carers. The project’s innovative approach combined rigorous academic research and hands-on civil society advocacy. This paper explores the project’s unique strategy for policy change and compiles case-studies from several of the STRiDE countries. Finally, we share lessons… Continue reading →

Perceived Facilitators and Barriers to Implementing Culturally Inclusive Diets Into Hospitals and Long-Term Care Facilities by Minakshi Raj

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Implementing culturally inclusive foods into hospitals and LTC requires administrative buy-in, willingness to change, and resources including staff diversity and cultural knowledge and awareness. Incorporating patient feedback and preferences into decisions related to dietary offerings could further motivate menu modifications. Further examination of organizational and state policies regulating diet, particularly in LTC settings, is necessary to understand both how… Continue reading →

New Dimensions of Staffing Patterns and Nursing Home Quality: Comparing Staffing Instability to Staffing Turnover by Soham Sinha

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Instability and turnover in total nursing home staffing independently contribute to nursing home quality. This suggests that adding measures of staffing instability to the existing measures of average staffing and staff turnover in NHCC may enhance the report card’s value for providers engaged in quality improvement and consumers searching for high-quality nursing homes. Continue reading →

Effect of a mobile app chatbot and an interactive small-group webinar on COVID-19 vaccine intention and confidence in Japan: a randomised controlled trial by Takaaki Kobayashi

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that neither the chatbot nor the webinar changed VI importantly compared with control. Interactive webinars could be an effective tool to change vaccine confidence. Further study is needed to identify risk factors associated with decreased vaccine confidence and investigate what intervention can increase VI and vaccine confidence for COVID-19 vaccines. Continue reading →

mRNA versus inactivated virus COVID-19 vaccines in multiple sclerosis: Humoral responses and protectivity-Does it matter? by Melih Tütüncü

CONCLUSION: mRNA and inactivated virus vaccines had similar seropositivity; however, mRNA vaccines appeared to be more effective in producing SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies. B-cell-depleting therapies fingolimod and cladribine were associated with attenuated antibody titer. mRNA and inactive virus vaccines had equal long-term protectivity against COVID-19 infection regardless of the antibody status. Continue reading →